Herbs from A-Z (and Alfalfa to Yarrow)
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The horseman of yesteryear made great use of many herbs from Alfalfa to Yarrow.

To a great extent our use of herbs has decreased over the years because of the simplicity of buying medicines of all shapes, sizes and formulations, when we need them, as we need them. Plus, manufacturers have promoted medicines through more advertising and marketing efforts targeting the end-user.

However, the benefits of herbs have not gone away. And gathering of top quality herbs is now made easier by tremendous improvements in growing, harvesting, equipment and transportation.

Herbs have recently been re-discovered. Everywhere you look there is new recognition of, and interest in, their benefits for animals and humans alike.

Herbs are not a wonder cure and they will not cure all the concerns that exist. Nor will medicines, drugs or other manufactured products. What herbs can do is assist in allowing the natural bodily functions to operate more efficiently. For example, it is well known that herbs such as Chamomile help to relax the nervous system, while Garlic can help both alleviate respiratory disorders and repel insects. These are simple examples of some of the recognized benefits that have been found with natural herbs over the many years since they were first discovered.

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ALFALFA aka LUCERNE
Actions: Alterative, Anthelmintic, Appetizer, Diuretic, Galactogogue, Nervine, Tonic, Vermifuge.
Usages: A nutritious plant extensively fed to horses for its general tonic and nutritional qualities. It can also be helpful in cases of water retention and urinary infections.
Comments/Warnings: Alfalfa is often used as a high fiber fodder. It is rich in calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron and many other vitamins and minerals.
 
ALOE
Actions: Anthelmintic, Emmenagogue, Hepatic, Laxative, Vermifuge, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Used as a powerful laxative for constipation. In small doses it supports the estrus cycle.
Externally- For minor burns, bites, skin irritations, sores and bruises.
Comments/Warnings: A member of the Lily family with fleshy leaves. There are over 200 species of Aloe, of which Aloe Vera is the most commonly used. Aloe Vera has been marketed aggressively world wide and is used in a whole range of products from cosmetics to medicinal. Some commercially produced gels are unreliable because they can vary in purity and contain solvents which can cause an allergic reaction. Aloe Vera can stimulate the uterus and should be avoided during pregnancy.
 
ANISEED
Actions: Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Carminative, Diuretic, Expectorant, Galactogogue, Pectoral, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: Internally- Used for digestive disorders, flatulence, colic, coughing and respiratory concerns and for increasing milk flow.
Externally- The volatile oil is used for lice and other parasites.
Comments/Warnings: This herb can be helpful in stimulating appetite and assisting in digestive disorders that could lead to colic symptoms. It is commonly used in respiratory blends. Avoid infusions during pregnancy.
 
ARNICA
Actions: Anti-inflammatory, Stimulant, Vulnerary.
Usages: Helps relieve pain and reduce swelling from bruises, sprains and muscle strains.
Comments/Warnings: Arnica is used in homeopathic preparations only for internal use and as a tincture or cream externally. The herb should not be taken internally.
 
 
BALM aka LEMON BALM
Actions: Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Bitter, Calmative, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Nervine, Sedative, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: A tonic that can be useful for female disorders, relieves cramps and helps regularize the estrus cycle. It can help with digestive and nervous concerns.
Comments/Warnings: Can be helpful in regularizing the estrus cycle in mares and the associated discomfort.
 
BASIL
Actions: Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Carminative, Expectorant, Galactogogue, Mild Sedative, Stomachic.
Usages: Internally- Used for respiratory disorders such as coughs and for constipation or digestive disorders.
Externally- Can be used in a poultice and applied to itching skin and ringworm, using its bacteria and fungus fighting qualities.
Comments/Warnings: Basil is not used as commonly for medicinal purposes these days as it used to be, but it remains a useful herb for both internal and external use.
 
BLADDERWRACK aka KELP AND SEAWEED
Actions: Alterative, Antibiotic, Antihypothyroid, Antirheumatic, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emmolient, Mucilage, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: Helps to stimulate an under-active thyroid gland. It is good for coat and hoof conditions and an aid to arthritic and rheumatic conditions.
Comments/Warnings: Bladderwrack, or dried seaweed, is an original source of iodine. It is also rich in calcium, magnesium, potassium, selenium and many other vitamins. Seaweed is sometimes used as a fertilizer due to its potash content which helps promote growth of grass while remaining safe for horses to graze. It is thought to reduce obesity through stimulating the thyroid gland.
 
BURDOCK
Actions: Alternative, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Aperient, Bitters, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Laxative, Mucilage, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Used for respiratory disorders such as coughs and for constipation or digestive disorders.
Externally- Can be used in a poultice and applied to itching skin and ringworm, using its bacteria and fungus fighting qualities.
Comments/Warnings: A very effective "blood cleanser" probably best known for its benefits for skin concerns. This herb is also helpful in taking away excess fluid and reducing swelling.
 
BUCKWHEAT
Actions: Acrid, Antihistamine, Astringent.
Usages: Circulatory disorders. Can help strengthen and repair capillaries and is helpful in conditions relating to poor circulation.
Comments/Warnings: Contains rutin, a substance that affects the strength and permeability of the capillary walls.
 
 
CELERY
Actions: Alterative, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Aromatic, Bitters, Carminative, Diuretic, Hepatic, Nervine, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: The seed is particularly good for rheumatism and arthritis. It also assists the process of digestion.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
CHAMOMILE
Actions: Alterative, Analgesic, Anodyne, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Bitter, Calmative, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Emmenagogue, Laxative, Mucilage, Nervine, Sedative, Stomachic, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Give for stress, tension and nervous conditions and those associated with digestive disorders. Also helpful for menstrual cramps.
Externally- Can be applied in liquid form to wounds, bruises and skin disorders.
Comments/Warnings: Chamomile is best known for its relaxing qualities and can be helpful for both horse and rider for nervous tensions before competing. It will not adversely affect the performance. A bunch of the flowers hanging in the stable is said to help deter the flies.
 
CHASTE TREE aka MONKS PEPPER
Actions: Aromatic, Carminative, Emmenagogue, Restorative, Sedative, Tonic.
Usages: For PMT (PMS) and in cases of hormonal disorders.
Comments/Warnings: Chaste Tree Berries are regarded as a hormonal normalizer and they help to regulate the estrus cycle. Therefore they can be a useful aid in preparing a mare for covering as well as relieving the effects of PMT (PMS). Chaste Tree Berries can also be helpful in male horses by helping to normalize irregular behavior resulting from hormonal disorder. Do not use during pregnancy.
 
CLEAVERS (CLIVERS) aka GOOSE GRASS
Actions: Alterative, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aperient, Astringent, Diuretic, Laxative, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Skin diseases and irritations, urine infections, soft swellings and fluid retention.
Externally- Healing wounds.
Comments/Warnings: This herb has a reputation of having curative qualities for growths and tumors. An excellent tonic for the lymphatic system. Rich in calcium, copper, iodine and sodium.
 
COLTSFOOT
Actions: Anticatarrhal, Astringent, Bitter, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Expectorant, Mucilage, Pectoral, Tonic.
Usages: Respiratory concerns, including coughing, asthma and pneumonia. Also used for diarrhea and as a general tonic.
Comments/Warnings: Historically this herb was one of the most popular cough remedies for humans. It is still used as the principal herb for herbal tobacco where it is said to relieve the respiratory system. There is some controversy in the medical world as to whether large amounts of this herb can cause liver concerns. It should be avoided in pregnant or nursing mares.
 
COMFREY aka KNITBONE
Actions: Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Demulcent, Emollient, Expectorant, Haemostatic, Mucilage, Pectoral, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- To encourage healing of bone and tissue. Good for respiratory conditions, arthritis, rheumatism, diarrhea and bleeding.
Externally- Wounds, sprains and as a poultice for boils and abscesses.
Comments/Warnings: Comfrey is an excellent herb to promote the healing of bone and tissue. For a fracture or severe injury that needs help to heal quickly there is no better herb. The healing qualities can help in repairing damage to lungs and the respiratory system when a horse "bleeds" or "bursts". Used correctly we believe Comfrey to be an excellent aid to healing. There has been some controversy over possible liver damage that may result from giving large quantities over a long period of time.
 
COUCH GRASS
Actions: Antibiotic, Antilithic, Antimicrobial, Aperient, Demulcent, Diuretic, Laxative, Mucilage, Tonic, Vermifuge.
Usages: Used for disorders of the urinary tract and kidney infections. A mild laxative.
Comments/Warnings: The tenacious growing Couch Grass is a common nuisance to farmers and gardeners alike. The medicinal qualities are not always appreciated. In humans it is reputed to be helpful for gout and rheumatism. Dogs and cats may eat the leaves to promote vomiting. It also acts as a mild laxative.
 
 
DANDELION aka WET THE BED
Actions: Alterative, Antirheumatic, Aperient, Bitter, Cholagogue, Diuretic, Hepatic, Laxative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: Internally- For water retention, inflammation, kidney and liver complaints including jaundice. Stimulates appetite and aids digestion. Also used for rheumatism, arthritis, laminitis and is a mild laxative.
Externally- The pressed juice from stalks or leaves can be an effective cure for warts.
Comments/Warnings: An extremely effective diuretic herb that has the benefit of replacing lost potassium. Dandelion is one of the most useful of native British medicinal herbs as all parts of the plant are effective and safe to use.
 
DAMIANA
Actions: Antidepressant, Aphrodisiac, Bitter, Laxative, Nervine, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: Strengthens nervous system. Increases sexual drive.
Comments/Warnings: Alkaloids which contain a testosterone like action (male hormone) which could be helpful in increasing sexual drive are contained in Damiana. There are other herbs such as Aplopappul, Bigelovia, Venta (known as Damiano False) which have different constituents.
 
DEVILS CLAW
Actions: Analgesic, Anodyne, Anti-inflammatory, Antirheumatic, Bitter, Diuretic, Sedative.
Usages: For arthritis, rheumatism, degenerative joint disorder (DJD) and to reduce inflammation and pain.
Comments/Warnings: Devils Claw is now looked upon as a natural alternative to Phenylbutazone (Bute) and Cortisone, since it has similar actions. There are no apparent adverse side effects. Many companies now produce Devils Claw in a liquid form often with other ingredients. As in all products, some are better than others. Devils Claw is a uterine stimulant and should not be fed to pregnant mares.
 
 
ECHINACEA
Actions: Alterative, Antibacterial, Antibiotic, Anticatarrhal, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antiviral, Aphrodisiac, Immuno-stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: Increases bodily resistance against viral and bacterial infection.
Comments/Warnings: This is an excellent herb for the prevention and cure of viral and bacterial infections. It has the effect of enhancing the immune system by stimulating the production of white blood cells.
 
EYEBRIGHT
Actions: Anticatarrhal, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Astringent, Bitter, Nervine, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: Internally- Suitable for giving to stimulate the liver. Also can be fed for nasal congestion and catarrh.
Externally- Can be used as a lotion for the eyes where it is useful for its qualities.
Comments/Warnings: Used in herbal tobacco for chronic bronchial colds.
 
 
FENNEL
Actions: Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Carminative, Diuretic, Expectorant, Galactogogue, Hepatic, Mucilage, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: Coughs, appetite, constipation, diarrhea and stimulates milk flow in nursing mares. Also good for urinary disorders due to its qualities as a mild diuretic.
Comments/Warnings: A decoction can be used as an eyewash for irritations and strains. Fennel is disliked by fleas and in a powdered form helps keep them away from stables and kennels. Chewing the seed helps bad breath.
Avoid high doses during pregnancy.
 
FENUGREEK
Actions: Aphrodisiac, Appetizer, Aromatic, Carminative, Demulcent, Disinfectant, Emollient, Expectorant, Galactagogue, Laxative, Mucilage, Restorative, Stomachic, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- As a conditioner it stimulates digestion. Useful for coughs and as a general tonic. It also helps to stimulate milk flow.
Externally- The crushed seeds can be used for bruises, swellings, boils and ulcers.
Comments/Warnings: Very good for stimulating appetite and improving condition. Increases milk flow in the nursing mare. To make a paste for external use, crushed seeds can be mixed in hot milk - allow to cool before use. Avoid large quantities in early pregnancy. Also in mares with hormonal concerns, where it can sometimes affect their behavior.
 
 
GARLIC
Actions: Alterative, Anthelmintic, Antibiotic, Anticatarrhal, Antihistamine, Antimicrobal, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antiviral, Aromatic, Carminative, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Mucilage, Pectoral, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Tonic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Commonly used to repel flies and insects. Helps with coughs and respiratory disorders, rheumatism, aids digestion and intestinal infections.
Externally- Can be applied for bites, ringworm or boils.
Comments/Warnings: The best known herb most commonly used for horses which has many qualities and benefits. It helps prevent coughs, improves digestion and prevents worms. Also Garlic promotes sweating and in doing so excretes through the skin to repel flies and insects. Although Garlic can taint the milk in a lactating mare, it transfers its benefits to the foal.
Many "Garlic powders" on the market are not pure garlic and the quality is questionable. Pure Garlic Granules are best to work with.
 
GOLDEN ROD
Actions: Anticatarrhal, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Expectorant, Stimulant, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Kidney and bladder disorders, flatulence and digestive concerns and for coughs and asthma.
Externally- As a poultice or ointment for ulcers and slow healing wounds.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
GINKGO
Actions: Antifungal, Astringent, Bitter, Expectorant, Nervine, Sedative.
Usages: Improves circulation and blood flow throughout the body. Good for coughs and allergies. Believed to be helpful for growths.
Comments/Warnings: Ginkgo is an antioxidant which means it slows the formation of free radicals which are believed to be responsible for cancer.
 
 
HAWTHORN
Actions: Antispasmodic, Astringent, Cardiac, Diuretic, Sedative, Tonic.
Usages: A general tonic for the heart, lowers high blood pressure and aids digestion.
Comments/Warnings: Do not give to pregnant mares.
 
HOPS
Actions: Analgesic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Anodyne, Astringent, Bitter, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Hypnotic, Nervine, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic, Vermifuge.
Usages: Calming, nervous diarrhea, stimulates appetite, digestive concerns.
Comments/Warnings: The bitter taste of Hops makes some horses pick at them, but as part of a calming blend they are very effective, particularly in colts.
 
HOREHOUND (WHITE)
Actions: Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Bitter, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Pectoral, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: For coughs and respiratory conditions. An effective digestive stimulant and a tonic that is particularly good for inflammation of the liver and jaundice.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
HORSETAIL
Actions: Astringent, Carminative, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Galactagogue, Haemostatic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Used for kidney and bladder disorders and to help arrest internal and external bleeding. Also beneficial for arthritis.
Externally- For bleeding wounds and healing.
Comments/Warnings: Like many herbs, Horsetail has toxic characteristics and while it can be beneficial in small doses, caution should be taken. Used correctly, this powerful herb can form part of an effective herbal blend. It is best avoided in pregnant mares.
 
 
LAVENDAR
Actions: Antidepressant, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Cholagogue, Diuretic, Nervine, Relaxant, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: For nervous concerns and as a relaxant.
Comments/Warnings: The oil is used extensively in perfumes and toiletries.
 
LIME TREE
Actions: Alterative, Anti-inflammatory, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Expectorant, Mucilage, Nervine, Tonic.
Usages: Used for nervous concerns, colds, fevers and as an aid to PMT (PMS) type behavior in mares.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
LIQUORICE
Actions: Alterative, Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antispasmodic, Antiviral, Aphrodisiac, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Expectorant, Laxative, Pectoral, Relaxant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: For arthritis, bladder concerns, coughs and as a general tonic. It is also a digestive aid in the prevention of colic.
Comments/Warnings: Not recommended for pregnant and nursing mares.
 
 
MARIGOLD
Actions: Alterative, Analgesic, Antibacterial, Antidepressant, Anti-inflammatory, Antifungal, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aperient, Aromatic, Astringent, Bitter, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Mucilage, Stimulant, Tonic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Particularly beneficial for skin concerns and as an aid to digestion. It also helps induce perspiration and to regulate the estrus cycle.
Externally- Used as a lotion or cream for sprains, wounds and swellings.
Comments/Warnings: Do not give during pregnancy.
 
MARJORAM
Actions: Alterative, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Bitter, Calmative, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Nervine, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: For digestive disorders including diarrhea. Also used for coughs.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
MARSHMALLOW
Actions: Astringent, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Expectorant, Galactagogue, Laxative, Mucilage, Pectoral, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Used for urinary complaints, stomach and intestinal disorders and coughs.
Externally- As a poultice.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
MEADOWSWEET
Actions: Alterative, Antacid, Anti-inflammatory, Antipyretic, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Diuretic, Mucilage, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: For rheumatic and arthritic pain, bladder and kidney disorders and reducing fever.
Comments/Warnings: Contains salicylic acid, the substance from which acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was synthesized.
 
MILK THISTLE
Actions: Bitter, Cholagogant, Demulcent, Galactogogue, Nervine, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: Best known as a liver tonic, it detoxifies poisons that enter the blood stream. It also promotes milk production.
Comments/Warnings: Used in the pharmaceutical industry for processing into tinctures and tablets which are used medicinally for gall bladder disease and the regeneration of tissue in cases of liver damage.
 
MINT aka PEPPERMINT
Actions: Alterative, Analgesic, Antibacterial, Anticatarrhal, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antiviral, Anodyne, Aromatic, Astringent, Calmative, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Febrifuge, Nervine, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: An aid to the digestive system in the prevention of flatulence, diarrhea and colic. It also induces perspiration and can help coughs.
Comments/Warnings: Used as an appetizer to help encourage the horse to eat and its strong pleasant smell makes it ideal to add to feed. It can be helpful in drying up a lactating mare.
 
 
NETTLES
Actions: Alterative, Antiseptic, Astringent, Diuretic, Expectorant, Galactagogue, Haemostatic, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: Haemorrhaging, anaemia, rheumatism, arthritis, laminitis, sweet itch, spring tonic, allergies, milk production, appetite, coat and skin.
Comments/Warnings: Provides iron and vitamin C to help strengthen and enhance the circulatory system. Helps in the elimination of waste products through the functions of the liver and kidneys. An extremely good blood tonic that can "quicken the spirit" particularly in a thoroughbred. Occasionally, a horse can develop a nettle rash in which case it might be better avoided.
 
 
PARSLEY
Actions: Antihistamine, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aperient, Aphrodisiac, Carminative, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Nervine, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: For kidney concerns and urinary infections. Also used for coughs and arthritis.
Comments/Warnings: Parsley can act as a uterine stimulant and therefore should not be fed to pregnant mares.
 
PERIWINKLE
Actions: Astringent, Diuretic, Haemostatic, Laxative, Nervine, Sedative, Tonic.
Usages: Internally- Used for internal hemorrhaging, chronic diarrhea, hormonal disorders, nose bleeds and mouth ulcers.
Externally- Suitable for use in a cream for soothing and healing inflammatory concerns of the skin and for bleeding piles.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
PSYLLIUM aka PLANTAIN
Actions: Astringent, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Expectorant, Laxative, Mucilage, Vulnerary.
Usages: Psyllium seeds are said to be helpful in the prevention of sand colic.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
 
RASPBERRY
Actions: Alterative, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Cardiac, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Galactogogue, Haemostatic, Parturient, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: A useful aid for the foaling mare. Ideally fed about one month before and after foaling. Tones pelvic and uterine muscles and enhances milk. Can also be helpful in the treatment of diarrhea and mouth ulcers.
Comments/Warnings: A very good herb to assist in foaling and cleansing although it is better not to give it early in the pregnancy. We have also found it is often very effective in treating horses with diarrhea - usually things improve within a few days.
 
RED CLOVER aka TREFOIL AND PURPLE CLOVER
Actions: Alterative, Antibiotic, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antispasmodic, Anti-tumour qualities, Antiviral, Astringent, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Expectorant, Immune Stimulant, Laxative, Nervine, Restorative, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Used for coughs, diarrhea and acts as a blood cleanser for skin concerns such as mud fever. It also has calming and sedative qualities and can be helpful in the treatment of melanomas.
Externally- A compress can be used to treat rashes, ulcers, burns and sores.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
RED POPPY
Actions: Analgesic, Anodyne, Demulcent, Hypnotic, Expectorant, Mucilage, Sedative, Tonic.
Usages: Used for irritable coughs. It also has a soothing effect on the nervous system and it can be helpful for excitable horses.
Comments/Warnings: The seeds have a pleasant nutty flavor and are used sprinkled on bread.
 
ROSEHIPS
Actions: Antimicrobial, Antipyretic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aperient, Astringent, Mild Diuretic, Mucilage, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: To promote hoof growth. Can be fed for exhaustion, constipation and as an aid to prevent scouring.
Comments/Warnings: The high levels of vitamin C (up to 1%) help the bodies natural defenses. Rosehips have been shown to be a good natural supplement to promote hoof growth.
 
ROSEMARY
Actions: Anodyne, Analgesic, Antidepressant, Anti-inflammatory, Antipyretic, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aperient, Aromatic, Astringent, Carminative, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Nervine, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic.
Usages: Circulatory and nervine stimulant, digestion, rheumatism, and diarrhea.
Comments/Warnings: Essential oil can be detectable in blood tests.
 
 
SAGE aka RED SAGE
Actions: Alterative, Antifungal, Antigalactagogue, Antimicrobial, Antipyretic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Carminative, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Nervine, Spasmolytic, Stimulant, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Reduces sweating and lactation. Good for coughs, colds and nervous conditions. Also used for gastrointestinal disorders, wind colic and mouth infections.
Comments/Warnings: Do not give to pregnant mares.
 
SAW PALMETTO
Actions: Anti-inflammatory, Antigalactagogue, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Diuretic, Expectorant, Nervine, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: For respiratory disorders, coughs and colds. It is said to boost male sex hormones.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
SLIPPERY ELM
Actions: Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic,Astringent, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Expectorant, Mucilage, Pectoral, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- An aid for digestion, diarrhea and bronchial concerns.
Externally- For ulcers and abscesses.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
ST. JOHNS WART
Actions: Alterative, Analgesic, Antibacterial, Antidepressant, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antispasmodic, Antiseptic, Antiviral, Aromatic, Astringent, Cholagogue, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Sedative, Nervine, Vulnerary.
Usages: For inflammation of the internal organs, disorders of the female reproductive system, rheumatic pain, stress, anxiety and tension. An effective sedative.
Comments/Warnings: Not recommended for long term use. Can make fair skinned horses especially sensitive to sun (photosensitivity).
 
STRAWBERRY
Actions: Alterative, Antiseptic, Aromatic, Astringent, Bitter, Diuretic, Laxative, Tonic.
Usages: Used to treat fevers and for kidney and urinary disease. Also helpful in cases of diarrhea and anemia.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
 
TEA TREE aka CAJEPUT AND WHITE TEA TREE
Actions: Antiseptic, Anti-fungal, Anthelmintic, Diaphoretic.
Usages: The diluted oil is usually applied externally for conditions of the skin. Good for sweet itch, burns and fungal infections such as ringworm.
Comments/Warnings: Recommended for external use only.
 
THYME
Actions: Anthelmintic, Anticatarrhal, Antifungal, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Nervine, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- Used for respiratory concerns, coughs, sore throats, digestive concerns and indigestion or wind colic.
Externally- Can be used as an ointment for swellings and warts.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
 
VALERIAN
Actions: Analgesic, Anodyne, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Bitter, Carminative, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Hypnotic, Laxative, Nervine, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic, Vermifuge.
Usages: Calms and relaxes. It is good for nervous over excitable horses and for stressful or anxious situations. Can be helpful in settling the digestive system.
Comments/Warnings: Regarded as a non addictive herb without side effects. Does not adversely affect performance in competition. It has been stated that some governing bodies are testing for the use of Valerian Root during competitions. Although it has been in regular use world wide for a number of years, at the time of writing we are not aware of any test resulting in the disqualification of any competitor to date. For those concerned about competitions in the U.S.A. there are other calming herbs that can be used as an alternative.
 
VERVAIN
Actions: Alterative, Antidepressant, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Bitter, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Galactogogue, Hepatic, Mucilage, Nervine, Pectoral, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic.
Usages: A very good herb that can be used for a number of conditions including fevers, ulcers, tension, stress, nervous disorders and liver complaints.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
 
WILLOW (WHITE)
Actions: Alterative, Analgesic, Anodyne, Anti-inflammatory, Antipyretic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Bitter, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Tonic, Vermifuge.
Usages: Contains tannins which are very good for the digestive system. The salicin reduces inflammation and relieves pain. Good for rheumatism, arthritis and in reducing fevers.
Comments/Warnings: The characteristics of White Willow are very similar to Aspirin, which is a chemical substitute for salicin. White Willow naturally contains salicin which is also present in Meadowsweet. Since White Willow is in effect "a natural form of Aspirin" it could be regarded as a prohibited substance for competition purposes. It should also not be used long term for pregnant mares.
 
WITCH HAZEL
Actions: Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Astringent, Bitter, Haemostatic, Sedative, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: Internally- It is used for hemorrhaging from the lungs and for stomach intestinal ulcers and diarrhea.
Externally- Ideal for use as a tincture or cream for bruises and inflammatory swellings, bites and burns. Also useful for the treatment of piles in foals.
Comments/Warnings: Use only externally unless under veterinary supervision.
 
WORMWOOD aka GREEN GINGER
Actions: Anthelmintic, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Bitter, Carminative, Cholagogue, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Haemostatic, Hepatic, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic, Vermifuge.
Usages: To help prevent worms and for digestion and appetite.
Comments/Warnings: Do not give to pregnant mares.
 
 
YARROW
Actions: Alterative, Antibacterial, Anticatarrhal, Anti-inflammatory, Antipyretic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Haemostatic, Hepatic, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic, Vulnerary.
Usages: For digestion, appetite, fevers, kidney disorders and urinary infections.
Comments/Warnings: None.
 
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